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What is Rosacea?

Rosacea is chronic skin disorder affecting up to 1 million Canadians. The most common symptoms are patchy flushing (redness) and inflammation, it mainly affects the cheeks, nose, forehead, and around the mouth. Rosacea typically affects more women than men and appears between the ages of 30 and 50. Rosacea may be mistake at first for sunburn, because the symptoms emerge slowly and might lead to a delay in treatment.

As the condition progresses, redness becomes more persistent and noticeable and in some cases stinging and burning sensation might be noticed in the affected areas. Small, red, solid bumps (called papules) and pus-filled pimples (called pustules) may appear on the skin, because these appear similar to acne, rosacea is sometimes called acne rosacea or adult acne. However, unlike acne, there are no blackheads.

Small, dilated blood vessels (Telangiectasia) may become visible, too. Often when people with rosacea blush, the enlarged blood vessels in their faces look like thin red lines. In almost 50% of the cases, rosacea might involve eyes and causes them to become red, irritated, and may burn (ocular rosacea).

What causes it?

There is no certain cause for rosacea; some of researchers have suggested certain factors that might develop it:

  • A disorder of blood vessels that cause them to swell, leading to flushing
  • A genetic predisposition combined with certain environmental factors that may irritate the skin
  • Clogging of the sebaceous gland openings with skin mites called Demodex follicular, which live in facial hair follicles Rosacea, seems to affect any skin type. Often several people in family have the conditions, so researchers thinks it may be at least partly genetic. Other factors that may be involved include vitamin-B deficiency, local infection, hydrochloric-acid (stomach acid) deficiency, infection with Helicobacter pylori, and digestive disorders. In some cases, rosacea may be associated with migraine headache, other skin disorder, and certain eye disorders, including blepharitis and keratitis.

How to treat Rosacea?

The traditional treatment of Rosacea is with the use of oral medications, cream, and gels. However, these modalities require long term use and usually give partial correction. The latest approach is the use of non-ablative (non-invasive) IPL technique. This exciting new treatment has revolutionized the way we treat Rosacea. For the first time ever the level of satisfaction with rosacea relief is where the patient wants it to be.




Rosacea may also be covered with air brush make-up.

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